Core Values, Ethics, Spectrum – The 3 Pillars of Public Participation
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As an international leader in public participation (P2), IAP2 developed three pillars for effective P2 processes. Developed with broad international input, these pillars cross national, cultural and religious boundaries, and they form the foundation of P2 processes that reflect the interests and concerns of all stakeholders.

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IAP2 Pillars of P2 Brochure

IAP2 Core Values

As an international leader in public participation, IAP2 has developed the IAP2 Core Values for Public Participation for use in the development and implementation of public participation processes. The Core Values define the expectations and aspirations of the public participation process.

Click here to view the IAP2 Core Values

IAP2 Code of Ethics

IAP2 Code of Ethics for Public Participation Practitioners supports and reflects IAP2's Core Values for the Practice of Public Participation. The Code of Ethics speaks to the actions of practitioners.

Click here to view the IAP2 Code of Ethics

IAP2 Spectrum of Public Participation

IAP2's Spectrum of Public Participation was designed to assist with the selection of the level of participation that defines the public's role in any public participation process. The Spectrum is used internationally, and it is found in many public participation plans.

Click here to view the IAP2 Spectrum of Participation